Please Join Foreign Lawmakers, US Governors and Legislators to Ban Vaccine Passports

Dear [your state name here] [Governor/Senator/Representative],

For a weary public longing to get back to normalcy, vaccine passports represent a tantalizing carrot, being dangled as a mechanism for freedom. By showing proof that you’ve received a COVID-19 vaccine, perhaps you can once again board an airplane and travel freely, attend a concert or enjoy a meal in your favorite restaurant, just like you used to.

Except, being required to present your “papers” in order to live your life isn’t actually freedom at all — it’s discrimination, and even a move toward technocratic fascism, one that’s setting the stage for increased surveillance and erosion of all of our privacy.

While vaccine passports are starting out with the COVID-19 vaccine for international travel, it’s setting a precedent for expansion that can be extended to other vaccines and medical information, and then to domestic travel and even leaving your house, as the passports will be carried on your phone that has location-tracking abilities.

Some additional reasons why “vaccine passports” must be stopped with legislation prohibiting them now and in the future:


The availability of effective vaccines means that those most vulnerable to covid-19, and soon anyone who wants and is medically eligible for a vaccine, will have a high level of protection from the virus. This means hospitalizations and deaths associated with the virus will drastically fall and overbearing controls on society cannot be justified.

This means those who are vaccinated will be at a very low risk of becoming ill from Covid-19.

Aside from the severe inequality and rights issues, it would make no sense to exclude unvaccinated people from public life as it is currently thought that both vaccinated and unvaccinated people can transmit the virus. There is no conclusive evidence yet as to how the vaccines affect transmissibility of the virus.

For this reason, the WHO does not even advise on Covid-19 vaccine requirements for international travel at this time.


The effect of covid passports would be to socially and economically exclude people without a covid vaccine or recent test result, and deny them basic freedoms. In doing so, some of the most marginalized in society would suffer discrimination.

     Young people would be discriminated against, since there will be lower and slower vaccine uptake as young people are both generally at a low risk of serious illness from the virus and last in line to be offered a vaccination; meanwhile, children are still not eligible for vaccines as trials are ongoing. Further, if vaccines are required annually/periodically, young people could be discriminated against on a cycle as they will always be last in line to receive vaccines.
        Disabled people could be discriminated against as some medical conditions will prevent individuals from being able to receive a vaccination;
        Pregnant women would be discriminated against, as covid vaccines are not routinely advised for them and whilst clinical trials are ongoing, women may be cautious about vaccines whilst pregnant, breastfeeding or trying to conceive;
        Some people with religious or other beliefs may be discriminated against, if those beliefs deter them from receiving a vaccine.


Research from across Europe shows that compelling people to take vaccines does not necessarily result in higher uptake of vaccines. Further, statistics show that the UK (which does not mandate vaccines) has some of the most positive attitudes towards vaccines across Europe, and that the top 5 European nations for positive attitudes towards vaccinations all have voluntary vaccination policies. The European nations with the most negative attitudes towards vaccinations include those with mandatory vaccination policies: Hungary, Slovakia and Croatia.

In fact, coercing people to have vaccines can be counter-productive if it lowers trust and raises suspicions.


The US has a proud history of opposition to ID cards. We are not a papers-carrying country. But vaccine passes would turn us into a two-tier, checkpoint society where we each have to show an app or certificate simply in order to enjoy public life. This would be a serious break from our long-guarded democratic traditions and would disadvantage marginalized people.


The combination of apps with sensitive health data and the subversion of everyday businesses and events into checkpoints could constitute the biggest expansion of the surveillance state ever seen in America.

Many of the covid pass proposals would rely on facial recognition on an app. Once the population had been forced to accept this, it would not be too long before facial recognition checks came off our phones – after all, not everyone has a smart phone – and onto facial recognition cameras at so-called “seamless” checkpoints.


Vaccine passports would likely begin with limitations meaning they could only be used for covid-19 – but after the huge cost and reorganization of society, this would never last. Vaccine passports would inevitably expand to be used for other purposes. The rationale underpinning the proposal would be applied to other vaccines, seasonal influenza and other health issues – and potentially much more. It is quite possible that biological risk scores could expand and morph over time.


It is also likely that the first proposals for vaccine passports will claim to be time-limited – but this would never last. If we accept covid passes, we will never be able to get rid of digital health passes. Almost every promise about ‘temporary’ covid-19 measures over the past year has been broken as they have endured and expanded. As the saying goes, nothing is so permanent as a temporary government program.

If people accept the claim of authorities that vaccine passes are the only way for us to get our freedom back, taking them away will create insecurity. Similarly, over-bearing airport security theater and many of the excessive counter-terror laws enforced post-9/11 have never been rolled back, but expanded.


This isn’t even as simple as a division between vaccinated and unvaccinated people. As more research emerges about the effectiveness of different vaccines against different coronavirus strains, it is feasible that vaccine passes could be used to put controls on people who received less effective vaccines or who require boosters.

And, it’s not even just about controls from authorities – it’s also about the severely divisive social impact vaccine passports would have. The segregation of vaccinated and unvaccinated people will lead to fear, hatred, and a sense of entitlement among some to be abusive to others who are suspected of being a ‘risk’. A national policy allowing or encouraging such division could severely fuel and exacerbate hostility between social groups.


Bodily autonomy is an important aspect of the right to privacy. Compulsory vaccination, as an involuntary medical treatment, amounts to an interference with the right to a private life (Solomakhin v Ukraine). We believe individuals have the right to make their own choices about their own bodies.

In America there is a long history of judicial opinions that hold a mentally competent adult has the legal right to refuse medical treatment for any reason, even if that refusal will hasten their death. In addition to its common-law origin, the doctrine of informed consent — and the corollary right to refuse medical treatment — is now included in statutory law of many states, particularly including patients’ bill of rights, see, e.g.,  California Health & Safety Code § 1262.6(a)(3) (enacted 2001).

Adults also have the constitutional right to privacy, which by court rulings has been interpreted to include the right to refuse medical treatments. Adults also have the protections of tort law, in that any unwanted medical procedure is considered an unwanted touch, or even assault or battery.

Vaccine passports would clearly cause people to feel coerced to receive vaccines. They would have a similar effect to mandatory vaccine policies, which are typically imposed by exclusion or penalties for those who decline vaccines. This is illegal, unconstitutional and un-American.

Lawmakers in Other Countries, US State Governors and Legislators Are Taking Action to Prohibit Vaccine Passports.

Millions of people around the world oppose the idea of vaccine passports and they are backed by high foreign government officials and lawmakers, US state governors and legislators. Please join them in defending Americans and all people by passing legislation to prohibit vaccine passports now and in the future.

Vaccine passport branded ‘unacceptable’ – MPs to debate petition backed by 250k [now 326K] signatures
MORE THAN 250,000 [now 326,000] people have signed a petition urging the Government to reject copying the EU’s “unacceptable” Covid vaccine passport scheme.

FORTY rebel Tories including six ex-Cabinet ministers join forces with opposition MPs in bid to block ‘divisive and discriminatory’ vaccine passports
Unlikely alliance condemned vaccine passports as ‘divisive and discriminatory’

Their statement says: ‘We oppose the divisive and discriminatory use of Covid status certification to deny individuals access to general services, businesses or jobs.’

Lib Dem leader Sir Ed Davey said easing lockdown should restore freedoms, not create ‘creeping authoritarianism’, adding: ‘We should start getting our freedoms back. Vaccine passports – essentially Covid ID cards – take us in the other direction.’

Shami Chakrabarti, Labour’s former shadow attorney general and a former director of the civil rights group Liberty, said domestic use of vaccine passports was unacceptable.

COVID vaccine passports threaten fundamental rights of citizens who opt-out
The UN declaration is quite clear when it says everyone has the right to travel and participate freely in the cultural life of the community — not just those who sign up for a COVID vaccine passport.

When asked recently about a passport that would allow those inoculated to attend cultural events, France24 reported that French Minister of Culture Roselyne Bachelot was unequivocal in her disapproval, saying it would be “an attack on our freedoms.”

“As a freedom-lover, I can hardly imagine it. If it came to that, it would be a step backwards,” she said.

In [the article author’s] view, the issuance of COVID vaccine passports skirts several several human rights guaranteed in the UN declaration, including:

    Everyone has the right to leave any country, including his own, and to return to his country (Article 13).
    Everyone has the right to freedom of movement and residence within the borders of each state (Article 13).
    Everyone has the right freely to participate in the cultural life of the community, to enjoy the arts and to share in scientific advancement and its benefits (Article 27).
    Everyone has the right of equal access to public service in his country (Article 21).
    Everyone has the right to life, liberty and security of person (Article 3).

‘Society doesn’t force medical treatment on people’ Prof Van Tam on vaccine passports
DEPUTY Chief Medical Officer Jonathan Van-Tam showed a wariness toward vaccine passports and their introduction as a way to reopen the UK by saying the country does not force medical treatments on anyone.

‘Let’s oppose EU horror!’ Commission’s vaccine passport plans rejected by 70% of French
BRUSSELS’ proposals for the introduction of vaccine passports to travel across the bloc this summer have been brutally rejected in France.

“… a vast consultation launched by the Economic, Social and Environmental Council (Cese) found that almost seven out of 10 French people said they were “very unfavourable” to the introduction of a vaccination passport, fearing in particular an “infringement of private freedoms”.

To the question “What do you think of the vaccine passport, when used to access places that are closed today (restaurants, cinemas, stadiums, museums, etc.)?” more than 67.1 percent of participants declared to be “very unfavourable”, 5.6 percent “unfavourable”, 2 percent “mixed”, 5.1 percent “rather favourable” and 20.2 percent “very favourable”, according to the results made public by the Economic, Social and Environmental Council (Cese).

In all cases, the participants wanted this device to last only a few months.

Reacting to the survey’s findings, leader of Les Patriotes, Florian Philippot, who also objects to the certificates being issued, said: “The more we are interested in the subject, the more we understand its horror, and the more we oppose it!

Trudeau opposes vaccine passports in Canada, says it would have ‘divisive impacts’
During an interview with Reuters, Prime Minister Justin Trudeau said he was opposed to the idea of mandating people to carry digital proof that they had been vaccinated against COVID-19, saying it was fraught with challenges and would have “divisive impacts on community and country.”

Germany Debates Coronavirus Vaccine ‘Passports’ and Discrimination Concerns
Berlin ( – German lawmakers are calling on the government to update regulations to prevent airlines and other businesses from excluding people who have not been vaccinated against COVID-19, after some carriers announced they intend to require proof of vaccination from passengers.

“It is unacceptable that airlines only take vaccinated people with them or that restaurants deny access to non-vaccinated people,” said the legal policy spokesman for the Social Democrats parliamentary group, Johannes Fechner.

He said his party is examining legal measures to prevent discrimination against unvaccinated people, such as amending existing legislation to make clear that including vaccination status among terms and conditions for service is prohibited.

Carriers such as Australia’s Qantas and Cebu Pacific in the Philippines have already announced they will require passengers on flights, including those to and from Europe, to show that they have been vaccinated.

The German government, which has opted not to make vaccination mandatory, is formally opposed to linking privileges to vaccination status.

Earlier Interior Minister Horst Seehofer warned that “special treatment for the vaccinated would divide society.”

Vaccine passports are latest flash point in COVID politics
… lawmakers around the country are already taking a stand against the idea.

GOP senators in Pennsylvania are drawing up legislation that would prohibit vaccine passports, also known as health certificates or travel passes, from being used to bar people from routine activities.

“We have constitutional rights and health privacy laws for a reason,” said Pennsylvania House Majority Leader Kerry Benninghoff, a Republican. “They should not cease to exist in a time of crisis. These passports may start with COVID-19, but where will they end?”

Republican legislators in other states have also been drafting proposals to ban or limit them. A bill introduced in the Arkansas Legislature on Wednesday would prevent government officials from requiring vaccine passports for any reason, and would ban their use as a condition of “entry, travel, education, employment or services.”

The sponsor, Republican state Sen. Trent Garner, called vaccine passports “just another example of the Biden administration using COVID-19 to put regulations or restrictions on everyday Americans.”

In Montana, GOP lawmakers this week voted along party lines to advance a pair of bills that would ban discrimination based on vaccine status or possession of an immunity passport, and to prohibit using vaccine status or passports to obtain certain benefits and services.

And a freshman Republican state lawmaker in Ohio spoke out about the concept, saying more restrictions or mandates are not the answer to every COVID-19 problem.

“Ohioans are encouraged to take the COVID-19 vaccine for the health and well-being of themselves and others,” Rep. Al Cutrona said. “However, a vaccine should not be mandated or required by our government for our people to integrate back to a sense of normalcy.”

Republican Florida Gov. Ron DeSantis on Friday issued an executive order that said no governmental entity can issue a vaccine passport, and businesses in that state can’t require them. He said he expected the Legislature to pass a similar law.

His order said requiring “so-called COVID-19 vaccine passports for taking part in everyday life — such as attending a sporting event, patronizing a restaurant, or going to a movie theater — would create two classes of citizens.”

And a GOP lawmaker in Louisiana has teed up a bill to keep the state from including any vaccination information on the Louisiana driver’s license or to make issuance of a driver’s license subject to vaccine status.

GOP governors will fight Biden’s bid to impose vaccine passports
Georgia Rep. Marjorie Taylor Greene, a Republican, denounced the potential program as President Joe Biden’s ‘mark of the beast’ while former GOP congressman turned libertarian said it’s dystopian.

Greene said in a video Monday: ‘They want you to be required to have something called a COVID passport. And this would mandate your ability to be able to travel, your ability to be able to go to events, your ability to be able to buy and sell.’

‘Is this something like Biden’s mark of the beast? Because that’s really disturbing and not good,’ she continued.

In a tweet she wrote: ‘They are actually talking about people’s ability to buy and sell linked to the vaccine passport. They might as well call it Biden’s Mark of the Beast.’

Florida Governor Ron DeSantis went a step further by claiming he will take executive action banning businesses and local governments in the state from requiring some sort of proof of inoculation.

South Dakota Governor Kristi Noem did not go so far as to call for a ban, but did say on Twitter Monday that it is un-American.

‘The @joebiden #CovidPassport proposal is one of the most un American ideas in our nation’s history,’ she lamented. ‘We as Americans should oppose this oppression. #freedom’.

Rep. Justin Amash, who left the Republican Party to become an independent libertarian while serving as a representative for Michigan’s 3rd District, tweeted his opposition to requiring vaccine passports.

‘No vaccine passport,’ he wrote. ‘It doesn’t get much more dystopian than being required to show your ‘health papers’ wherever you go.’

‘Let’s get the terms clear: A ‘vaccine passport’ is not ‘what we already do.’ It’s not proof of vaccination for internat’l travel or schooling. It’s proof of vaccination for everyday living—groceries, restaurants, movies. It’s disingenuous to conflate the former with the latter,’ he tweeted.

Kentucky Sen. Rand Paul, on the other hand, said progressives can’t decry voter ID laws as racist then try to implement the same laws regarding those who have been vaccinated and not.

‘If you think voter ID is racist, but a vaccine passport is just fine, you need some serious help thinking through public policy,’ Paul posted on Twitter.

Sen. Tom Cotton of Arkansas tweeted: ‘Liberals think requiring an ID for voting is obtrusive and racist. Yet they want public health ‘experts’—who were wrong about nearly everything—to administer a vaccine passport?’

‘Unconstitutional and dangerous,’ he said.

Nebraska Gov. Pete Ricketts announces opposition to vaccine passports
“Nebraska will not participate in any vaccine passport program,” said Gov. Ricketts. “This concept violates two central tenets of the American system: freedom of movement and healthcare privacy. Nebraska will take any necessary action to protect the private health information of our citizens and the freedoms we cherish.”

Tennessee Governor Bill Lee will support legislation to prohibit any government-mandated COVID-19 vaccine passports
In a statement, the governor said “I oppose vaccine passports” and added the vaccine “should be a personal health choice, not a government requirement.”

Lee continued, “I am supporting legislation to prohibit any government-mandated vaccine passports to protect the privacy of Tennesseans’ health information and ensure this vaccine remains a voluntary, personal decision.”

Georgia’s Brian Kemp Joins Chorus of Governors Against Vaccine Passports
The Peach State’s top Republican wrote in a Twitter post on Tuesday that he is against any program where people who have received a shot are required to carry proof. “I do not and will not support any kind of state-mandated vaccine passport,” Kemp wrote.

Missouri Gov. Parson says Missouri will never mandate a COVID vaccine passport
“We’re never gonna do that in the state of Missouri. We’re never gonna have a mandate, a vaccine passport in this state. If people want to carry a card that’s fine. That’s called freedom, it’s called individual rights. But it’s not government’s place to do that.” said the Missouri governor.

Iowa Gov. Reynolds “strongly” against Vaccine Passports; will issue legislation or executive action against it
“I also respect that it’s a personal choice. But I strongly oppose vaccine passports and I believe that we must take a stand as a state against them.” she said.

Mississippi GOP governor pushes back on vaccine passports: ‘I don’t think it’s a good thing to do in America’
“I don’t support vaccine passports. I don’t think it’s necessary and I don’t think it’s a good thing to do in America,” Gov. Tate Reeves told CNN’s Jake Tapper on “State of the Union” when asked about the possible use of the passports in Mississippi.

Kansas Gov. Laura Kelly said Monday that she has no plans to have Kansas issue vaccine passports
“I have no interest in vaccine passports,” the Democratic governor said on Monday. “We will not be issuing those under my authority.”

Senate President Says Vaccine Passports Not Welcome In NH
Salem state Senator to President Joe Biden: Stop your vaccine passports idea now or I’ll stop them at the border.

“This past week, it was widely reported that the Biden Administration is considering the creation of COVID-19 ‘vaccine passports’. Many Granite Staters have since reached out to me understandably disturbed by these reports,” the top Republican in the GOP-controlled NH state Senate said Wednesday.

“I want to make it clear that I will not support the creation of any ‘vaccine passport’ in New Hampshire that would limit the ability of New Hampshire residents to travel, work or enter businesses based on vaccination status,” Morse said.

What Top Republicans Are Saying About Vaccine Passports
Top Republican leaders have increasingly spoken out against the prospect of vaccine passports. The passports would serve as proof of COVID-19 immunization. Some venues and companies might require such passports before allowing people to crowd into their indoor spaces.

Similarly, Republican Ohio state Representatives Al Cutrona and Mike Loychik have said they will co-sponsor legislation to prohibit entities from requiring proof of a COVID-19 vaccination before allowing people to access an area or establishment.

“A vaccine should not be mandated or required by our government for our people to integrate back to a sense of normalcy,” Cutrona said in a Tuesday statement. “We’ve had restrictions on our freedoms for over a year and more restrictions or mandates are not the answer to every issue related to COVID-19.”

Texas Representative Pete Sessions, wrote in a statement to Fox News, “Vaccine credentials would be a complete government overstep. Individuals in America have a personal responsibility for their health. Implementing a ‘vaccine passport’ runs the risk of undermining public trust and substantially limiting normal day-to-day essential activities.”

Colorado Representative Lauren Boebert tweeted, “Vaccine passports are meant to control what you can do, where you can go and how much the government can know about your activities. Privacy is a right.”

North Carolina Representative Madison Cawthorn tweeted, “America will NEVER become a ‘show your papers’ society.”

Pilot organization opposed to requiring passengers to have vaccine passport
Proof you’ve received a Covid vaccine could be a requirement to fly in the future, but not all in the airline industry agree with the proposal.

Russ Leighton, Vice President of the Coalition of Airline Pilots Associations, says unlike a passport that’s needed to travel to foreign countries, requiring proof of a Covid vaccine to fly interferes with one’s personal choice.

“We’ve talked a lot about that at CAPA. We are not interested in supporting the notion of mandatory vaccines. We feel that’s an individual choice. I will certainly be getting one. I think that should remain an individual choice, so, you know, I don’t mind the notion of a vaccine passport opening up some extra doors for you or maybe, you know, creating a situation where you don’t have to wear a mask, but I would not be in favor of excluding people who have valid reasons or are just unable to get the vaccine from – from normal life,” says Russ Leighton, Vice President of the Coalition of Airline Pilots Associations.

Leighton says it’s up to each individual to do what they feel is right for them.

ACLU vaccine passport concerns suggest unusual common ground with GOP
Civil liberties group fears vaccine passport ‘will become over-used as people get asked for credentials at every turn’

“While there are legitimate circumstances in which people can be asked for proof of vaccination, we don’t want to turn into a checkpoint society that outlasts the danger of COVID and that casually excludes people without credentials from facilities where vaccine mandates are not highly justified,” Stanley continued.

Freshman Rep. Madison Cawthorn, R-N.C., strongly condemned the idea of vaccine passports.
“Proposals like these smack of 1940s Nazi Germany. We must make every effort to keep America from becoming a ‘show your papers society,'” Cawthorn told Fox News. “The Constitution and our founding principles decry this type of totalitarianism.”

Resistance from health experts and business owners could doom ‘vaccine passports’ even before they launch
When it comes to decrying the concept of “vaccine passports,” conservatives have company. The idea’s detractors now include certain business owners, who fear customer backlash and the hassle or danger of enforcing the policy, and even prominent public health advocates, too.

But the concept represents a “slippery slope,” said Georges Benjamin, the executive director of the American Public Health Association — one that could politicize the vaccine rollout, make health inequities worse, and even lull vaccinated people into a false sense of security.

“It’s impractical,” Benjamin said in an interview. “This is a nation that does not allow a national identity card. Getting compliance is going to be hard, and I think it leads to politicization. I would like to avoid that.”

There will always be Epidemics and We Cannot Give Up Our Cherished Way of Life and Freedoms Because of Them

As noted by Jonathan Sumption in his February 15, 2021, Telegraph commentary “…there will always be other epidemics and pandemics.

An epidemic of Ebola, with a death rate of 50%, for example, might qualify for serious temporary restrictions. However, COVID-19 is nowhere near that serious a threat. As noted by Sumption, COVID-19 “is well within the range of perils which we have always had to live with, and always will.”

Data1 show the overall non-institutionalized infection fatality ratio is 0.26% [ie. 99.974% survival rate]. People under the age of 40 have a mere 0.01% risk of dying from the infection [99.99% survival rate]. The vast majority that test positive for SARS-CoV-2 have no symptoms at all, and most do not get seriously ill.

With such a small threat we must not abandon our American way of life and freedoms but instead protect them and ensure them for the future. Therefore I respectfully ask you to immediately do the following:

1) Introduce legislation to prohibit state and local government from issuing vaccine passports for any reason and ban their use as a condition of “entry, travel, education, employment, benefits or services.”

2) Prohibit most businesses from requiring any proof of inoculation or vaccination status to work, enter or receive services (medical care facilities, nursing homes and others may be exempted).

3) Specifically ban airlines, hotels and other travel-related businesses from excluding people who have not been vaccinated. Foreign airlines who exclude Americans based on vaccination status should be barred from landing in our state.

Thank you for your immediate attention to this critical situation.

Thank you,

[your name here]

1 Annals of Internal Medicine September 2, 2020 DOI: 10.7326/M20-5352

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